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一般现在时被动语态学习三要素
发布时间:2008/5/26 9:05:38  信息来源:  作 者:  浏览次数:10052   【
 

一般现在时被动语态学习三要素

一、掌握一般现在时被动语态概念及构成

一般现在时被动语态表示现阶段经常性、习惯性被动动作,由主语+is/am/are+及物动词过去分词+动作执行者构成,无需说明动作执行者时可省去by+动作执行者,句中主语就是原主动语态的宾语,动作执行者就是原主动语态的主语。is/am/are由主语的单复数形式而定,主语为第三人称单数名词或代词时用is,主语为I时用am。主语为复数名词或代词或时用。

    I know this song is often sung  by him.我知道他经常唱这首歌。

    The fIowers  in  my garden are watered every day.我花园里的花每天

都浇水。

    Quite a few lessons are taught in our class.我班开设好几门课。

二、掌握一般现在时被动语态句型变换方法

    一般现在时被动语态句型变换紧紧扣住助动词isamare进行,一般疑问句将isamare提至句首,特殊疑问句由特殊疑问词+一般疑问句构成,否定句在isamare后面加not,反意疑问句保留isamare

  Is Japanese learned by a11 of you here? 你们在座的各位都学日语吗?

   Where is this kind of car made?

   这种小汽车在什么地方生产?

Why is Wei Fang often praised by her teacher?

  为什么魏芳经常受到老师的表扬?

Women’s clothing is not sold in our shop.

  我们商店不卖女子服装。

Computer is widely used in the world, isn’t it?

  全世界都广泛使用电脑,是吗?

Flowers and grass are not grown in this field, are they?

 这块田不种花草,是吗?

三、掌握一般现在时被动语态各种疑问句回答方法

一般现在时被动语态一般疑问句式的肯定回答用Yes,…is/ am/ are.否定回答用No,…isn’t/ am not/aren’t.特殊疑问句可抓住特殊疑问词进行简略或完整回答。反意疑问句也用Yes, …is/am/ are. No,…isn’t/am not/aren’t. 来进行回答。

 ——Are the old well looked after in your country7老人们在你们国家 得到很好的照料吗?

——Yes, they are./No, they aren’t.是的,他们得到很好的照料。/不。他们没有得到很好的照料。

 

——How  many books are sold  in your bookstore every day? 你们书店每天销售多少书?

——About 1,000./About 1,000 books are sold in our bookstore every day. 大约 1,000本。/我们书店每天销售大约1000本。/我们书店每天销售大约1000

——All the customers are well served in this shop, aren't they?这家商店的所有顾客都能得到很好的服务,是吗?

——Yes, they are./No, they aren't.是的,他们能得到很好的服务。/不,他们不能得到良好的服务。

[巩固练习]

1. Don't you know every year about ten pigs_________ in her room?

  A. raise               B. are raising

  C. are raised          D. will be raised

2. This is a flower shop, and many kinds of beautiful flowers ________in it every day.

  A. are selling         B. sell

  C. were sold           D. are sold

3. She is a very clean girl, and her clothes___________ almost every day.

  A. are washed          B. were washed

  C. wash                D. will be washed

4. On every year’s Spring Festival, the boy and his brother and sister____________ one hundred Yuan each.

  A. give                B. are given

  C. were given          D. will be given

5. How clean and tidy your classroom is!

  Thank you. It___________ every day.

   A. is cleaned         B. was cleaned

   C. was cleaning       D. is cleaning

1-5. BDABA

 

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  • 评论人:|评论时间:2012/12/17 15:35:23
  • 评论人:匿名|评论时间:2010/9/4 16:11:04
    hao
  • 评论人:匿名|评论时间:2009/9/7 22:09:31
    这第一题为什么事be+doing的结构 ,不是加过去分词麽?
  • 评论人:匿名|评论时间:2009/8/23 16:52:06
    慢好
    1054996084@qq.com
  • 评论人:匿名|评论时间:2009/8/21 7:23:39
    很好
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