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2012届江苏省苏锡常镇四市一模英语试题
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江苏省苏锡常镇四市2012届高三3月教学调研测试(一)(英语).doc

 

江苏省苏、锡、常、镇四市2012届高三调研测试(一)

英语试题

2012.3

                      第一卷(共85分)

  第一部分听力(共两节,满分20分)

  做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转

  涂到答题卡上。

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

  听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳

  选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题

  和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍.

  1. When is the man's birthday?

    A. April 1st. B. April 2nd. C. April 3rd.

  2. What's probably the man’s job?

    A. A shop assistant. B. A visitor. C. A waiter.

  3. What does the man think of  his car?

    A. Satisfactory. B. Cheap. C. Old.

  4. What are the speakers talking about?

    A. Exam results. B. Time for the exam. C. Change of class hours.

  5. How did the woman learn to drive?

    A. She learned it by herself.

    B: Her school offered driving lessons.

    C. Her father taught her to drive.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

      听下面5段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A. B, C

  个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置.听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读

  各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间,每段对话或独白读两

  遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第67题。

  6. What did the man do yesterday?

      A. He went to see his friends.

      B. He visited his brother.

      C. He watched a play.

  7. Why was the man late?

      A. He lost his way to the theater.

      B. He talked with his friend.

      C. He didn't run fast enough.

  听第7段材料,回答第810题。

8. Where are the speakers?

      A. At the woman's.  B. At the man's.  C. At Sarah's.

9. What will the woman do?

      A. Cook.  B. Clean.  C. Decorate.

10. What can we learn from the conversation?

      A. The Houston Rockets will come.

    B. The man is good at cooking.

    C. Sarah is a big basketball fan.

听第8段材料,回答第1113题。

11What are the speakers mainly complaining about?

    A. The work. B. The traffic. C. Energy problem.

12. What does the woman suggest people taking?

    A. The bus. B. The car. C. The Underground.

13. What does the man suggest on reducing pollution?

    A. Working at home.

    B. Working outside the city.

    C. Reducing cars on the road

听第9段材料,回答第1416题。

14. What is Jack?

    A. A high school student.

    B. A college student.

    C. A computer engineer.

15. What is the real difference in his life now?

    A. There is a lot of reading and homework.

    B. He has to be on his own.

    C. There is much more to learn.

16. What is the most important part of his plan?

    A. What to do first.

    B. When and where to do it.

C. How to do it.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. Why do Polish people start work very early in the morning in summer?

    A. To enjoy more relaxation.

    B. To earn more money.

    C. To avoid the hot sun.

18. What do the Polish show great interest in?

    A. Sports. B. Arts. C. Business.

19. Why are there often crowds of people at the doors of theatres?

    A. They are waiting for free tickets.

    B. They are waiting to go into the theatre.

    C. They are waiting for available tickets.

20. How many days of vacation do many Polish people have each year?

    A. Above 20. B. About 20. C. Below 20.

第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分巧分)

    请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A, B, C, D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在

答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21With____successful launch of the first space lab module Tiangong-1China's space

    dream has taken_step closer to reality.

    A. the; a  B.不填;a  C. a; the  D. the;不填

22.     the current world economic downturn, Chinese shoppers are spending more on

    luxury products abroad than those from any other country

    A. In case of  B. For fear of  C. In spite of  D. In terms of

23. Mrs Green prefers a restaurant in a small town to    in so large a city as New York.

      A. this B one C. it D. those

24. The new statue of Qin Hui and his wife     in a sitting position rather than in a

    kneeling one has caused heated debates across the nation.

    A. are B. having been C. to be D. being

25. At the beginning of the year 2012, the Chinese government voiced its decision to    

    the extremely high costs of preschool education.

    A. crack down on  B. put up with  C. cut out for  D. breakaway from

26. Statistics show that men have     as women do whatever vehicles they drive.

    A. serious accidents as twice many  B. twice as many serious accidents

    C. twice serious accidents as many  D. serious accidents as many twice

27. When asked what they would volunteer to do, __said they were willing to do

    something they could.

    A. half of these  B. half of which  C. half of whom  D. half of them

28. His plans are very_.He wants to pass CET-4, IELTS and Shanghai Interpretation

    Test before he enters university.

    A. ambiguous  B. appropriate  C. ambitious D . abundant

29. I think Zhang Yimou's newly-released movie The FlowersWar is outstanding__

    it puts its spotlight on the two most universal and attractive themeswomen and wars.

    A. on condition that B. on purpose that C. in order that D. in that

30. They are brothers and sisters, but they do not always agree as well as they__

    Quarrels break out now and then.

    A. can  B. should  C. may  D. will

31In today's competitive economy,__everyone is trying to do more with less, you've

    got to figure out a way to profit from the very beginning.

      A. which  B. that  C. how  D. where

32. some teenagers don't realize is ___difficult life can be after they get

    addicted to drugs.

    A. What; how  B. That; how  C. What; that  D. That; what

33. They discussed the issue of the world's climate in Durban, South Africa several times but

      could come to no

    A. end  B. conclusion C . result  D. judgment

34. Mr Smith was having a meeting at that time; otherwise he_over to help us.

    A. would have come  B. would come  C. had come  D. was going to come

35. --I'm going to Syria. Would you please tell me about your experiences there?

    一__Let's discuss it over dinner.

    A. Never mind  B. Go ahead  C. By all means  D. Itjust depends

第二节:完形填空20小题;每小题1分,满分20

    请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A, B, C, D四个选项中,选出最佳选

项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

      When I was a puppy, I entertained you and made you laugh. Whenever I was "bad", you'd

36 me and ask, "How could you?"but then you'd relent(变温和),and 37 me over

for a belly rub.

      My housetraining took a little longer than 38 , because you were terribly busy, but

we 39  on that together. We went for long walks in the park and  40  rides in the

suburbs. We stopped for ice cream. I took long naps(小睡)in the sun waiting for you to come

home at the 41 of the day.

    42 . you began spending more time at work and on your career, and more time

43 a human mate. Eventually, you fell in love. She, now your wife, is not a "dog-person",

but still I was 44 because you were happy.

      Then the human babies came 45 and I shared your excitement. I was  46 by

their pinkness, how they smelled, and I wanted to mother them too. Your wife was 47 1

would hurt them. But nevertheless, 48 they began to grow, I became their friend. I loved

them and they loved me.

      Then you didn't want me 49 . You had a better job in a new city. The apartment

building in which you were living didn't 50 pets. You told your wife that it was the dog

pound(动物收容所)that was suitable for me.

      I was excited about the car ride until we arrived at the dog pound. It smelled of dogs and

cats, of fear and 51You filled out the paperwork and said, "I know you will find a good

home for her." They shrugged and gave you a pained look. The children were in 52 as they

waved me goodbye.

      Is it better to live with hope or without hope? Sometimes when I hear human 53 , 1

think it is you, or perhaps another human who will love me. It 54 is. Then I feel terrible.

Visitors are only interested in puppy dogs, not old-timers like me.

      My beloved 55 , I will think of you and wait for you forever. I hope you receive

more loyalty(忠诚)from your family than I showed to you.

36. A. praise  B. question  C. scold  D. touch

37. A. throw  B. roll  C. catch  D. chase

38. A. ever  B. expected  C. before  D. necessary

39. A. turned  B. focused  C. moved  D. worked

40. A. car  B. truck  C. horse  D. dog

41A. beginning  B. middle  C. end  D. time

42. A. Generally  B. Fortunately  C. Hopefully D. Gradually

43. A. working with  B. searching for  C. dealing with  D. asking after

44. A. happy  B. disappointed  C. sad D. relaxed

45. A. round  B. over  C. along  D. on

46. A. fascinated B. shocked  C. astonished D. embarrassed

47. A. sure  B. aware C. informed D. afraid

48. A. as B. because C. before D.though

49. A.anyway B. anyhow C. somewhat D. anymore

50. A. receive B. forbid C. allow D. need

51A. excitement B. warmth C. homelessness D. wilderness

52. A. danger  B. terror C. tears D. hopes

53. A. sounds B. footsteps C. songs D. talks

54. A. always B. sometimes C. seldom D. never

55. A. master B. visitor C. friend D. companion

第三部分阅读理解洪15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A, B, C, D四个选项中,选出最佳选

项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

                                          A

According to a new survey, more than half of the parents in the United States are helping, or

have helped or supported their adult children who have been hit by high unemployment and poor

wages. It showed that present economic conditions are discouraging young adults from leaving

home and forcing those who have already gone, so called boomerang kids, to return.

    "Parents are continuing their financial involvement longer than we expected," said Ted

Beck, president of National Endowment for Financial Education (NEFE).

    About 60 percent of parents questioned in the survey said they are helping their adult

children who are no longer in school financially. Half are providing housing and nearly half are

helping with living expenses.

    For an increasing number of adult children, the situation is bad. Two-thirds of adult children,

aged 18 to 39, who are not in school said they faced tougher financial pressure than previous

generations, according to the survey. And nearly one-third of the parents agreed that it was easier

for them to find their financial feet than for their children.

    Parents are helping their children out of genuine(真诚的)concern because they don't want

to see them struggle. But Beck said that parents who make sacrifices to help their adult children

should be careful about their own finances.

    "If you are taking on extra debt or delaying retirement to help your adult children, you

could be making a mistake and putting your own financial future in danger," Beck warned.

    Boomerang children can also cause other problems for their parents. Thirty percent of

parents said they have given up privacy since their adult children moved back home, while more

than a quarter have taken on added debt, and seven percent have delayed retirement. But the

survey also showed that 42 percent of adult children living at home are helping with the cooking

and cleaning.

56. According to the passage, boomerang kids here refer to   

    A. married adult children

    B. grownups living with parents

    C. adult children independent and successful in life

    D. adult children depending on parents for financial support

57. Which of the following matches the result of the survey?

    A. About 30% of parents offer their adult children housing.

    B. One-third of adult children earn money more easily than their parents.

    C. Two-thirds of adult children are faced with financial problems in school.

   D. About 50% of parents give money to their adult children to cover the daily cost.

58. What is Ted Beck's suggestion to the parents?

  A. Asking their children to help with the housework.

   B. Being cautious in helping their children.

  C. Leaving their children to struggle to live.

    D. Putting off their time of retirement.

59. What would be the best title for the passage?

  A. Adult children are less independent   B. Parents help support adult children

    C. Bad conditions affect children a lot  D. Spoiled generation in the United States

                                          B

    It is almost like a reflex(条件反射)whenever we have a runny nose or a cough we reach

for the antibiotics(抗生素).But maybe you should think twice before you start taking those pills next time you have a bit of a cold. Many doctors warn that we are overusing and sometimes misusing antibiotics to treat common diseases. This could have bad results.

    Across the world, the problem of antibiotic resistance is growing, and the situation is

especially bad in China. The average amount of antibiotics each Chinese person takes every year is almost three times the international level and ten times the level in the United States, Xiao Yonghong, a professor in Peking University, told the Guangming Daily on October 19.

    It is a common wrong idea that antibiotics work for all diseases right down to everyday

coughs and colds. In fact, antibiotics only work against bacteria, and not viruses. Most forms of

the common cold and flu are caused by viruses, so antibiotics are useless against them.

    The process of curing a disease is like a war. Antibiotics kill many kinds of bacteria which

make you sick, but sometimes they also get "confused" and kill antibodies(抗体)in your body

that should be helping to kill viruses.

    Sometimes the enemy bacteria may change themselves in order to fight back. When

antibiotics are used wrongly or too often, the bacteria can develop faster. This worsens the

infection and makes it harder to treat. Because of resistance to antibiotics, once treatable diseases are becoming fatal(致命的)again.

    In recent years, different kinds of "superbugs" have been showing themselves in many parts of the world. They can avoid any antibiotics we have and have caused many deaths.

    Since penicillin(青霉素)was discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1929, it has saved many lives worldwide. Before this discovery was made, even infections in small cuts could kill.

However, overuse or misuse of this "life-saving" medicine could mean antibiotics turn against us in the war against disease.

60. What is the main purpose of the first paragraph?

  A. To inform readers that antibiotics are useful in treating diseases.

  B. To warn readers of the dangers of antibiotics used improperly.

  C. To explain the serious situation of antibiotics misuse in China.

  D. To report on the invention of new antibiotics in the world.

61In the war of curing a disease    _

  A. antibiotics defeat antibodies    B. antibiotics kill bacteria   

C. antibodies help viruses         D. bacteria change themselves

  62. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

    A. Antibiotics work against all kinds of everyday coughs and colds.

    B. Large amounts of antibiotics are needed to kill "superbugs".

    C. Penicillin is considered to be the best ever antibiotic in history.

    D. Bacteria may become resistant to antibiotics and develop faster.

  63. What can we learn from the passage?

    A. Antibiotics are the best to kill colds.

    B. Antibiotics never fight against antibodies.

    C. Misuse of antibiotics could lead to death

    D. The use of antibiotics should be forbidden.

                                        C

    David Constantine, an award-winning poet and translator of short fiction, defeated strong

competition, including the prize's youngest ever shortlisted(入围)author, to take a cheque worth

#15,000.

    The winning story, entitled "Tea at the Midland", is a moving and bitter-sweet story about

the end of a relationship set against the background of the sea. It was praised by the judges for its rich interweaving(相互交织)of dialogue and poetic imagery

    Chair ofjudges, James Naughtie commented, "The winning story is remarkable for the rich

poetry at its heart and the economy with which David Constantine creates a story with fully

forted characters and a memorable setting. It has imagination, depth and brevity. What more

could you say about a short story? The shortlist produced an attractive mix of stories in which

the other that attracted most of our admiration was Jon McGregor's 'If It Keeps on Raining',

which is an admirable runner up(第二名).It contrasts with the winner in its style and method

and between them they show what the short story can do."

    The 2010's award brought together a high ability group of new and established authors

exploring human relationships at their most dysfunctional(难处理的)and yet sustaining. This

year's shordist was:

    ·"Tea at the Midland" by David Constantine

    "Haywards Heath" by Aminatta Foma

    ·"Butcher's Perfume" by Sarah Hall

    ·"If it Keeps on Raining" by Jon McGregor

    ·"My Daughter the Racist" by Helen Oyeyemi

    The shortlist included Sarah Hall, whose first novel, Haweswarer, won the 2003

Commonwealth Writers Prize for Best First Novel and whose The Carhullan Army won the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize in 2007.

    Aminatta Foma's first book, The Devil that Danced on the Water, was shortlisted for the

Samuel Johnson Prize in 2003, broadcast on BBC Radio and published in The Sunday Times.

    Jon McGregor is the author of the critically praised novels, If Nobody Speaks of

Remarkable Things and So Many Ways To Begin. He is a winner of the Betty Trask Prize and the

Somerset Maugham Award, and has twice been longlisted(初选)for the Man Booker Prize.

    Helen Oyeyerni is the youngest author on the 2010 shortlist and also in the history of the

award. Born in 1984, she is already the. author of three novels, The Icarus Girl, The Opposite

House, White is for Witching and a short story collection, Mr Fox, published in summer 2011

    David Constantine lives in Oxford, where he is the editor of Modem Poetry in Translation.

He has published three collections of short stories: Back at the Spike (1994), Under the Dam

(2005) and The Shieling (2009), which was shortlisted for the Frank O'Connor Prize (2010).

64. The winning piece of the short story award is_   

    A. one written by the youngest author ever in the history of the award

    B. a deep, impressive and sustaining story set at the seaside

    C. also the winner of 2010 Frank O'Connor Prize

    D. David Constantine's first short story

65. The following comments from the chair of judges are all in praise of the winning story

    EXCEPT      

    A. "...creates a story with fully formed characters and a memorable setting."

    B. "The winning story is remarkable for the rich poetry at its heart."

    C. "It contrasts with the winner in its style and method."

    D. "What more could you say about a short story?"

66. Which of the following is the right match according to the passage?

    A. Helen Oyeyemithe Betty Trask Prize2011

    B. Jon McGregorthe Somerset Maugham Award2010

    C. Aminatta Fomathe Samuel Johnson Prize2007

    D. Sarah Hallthe Commonwealth Writers Prize2003

67. The main purpose of the passage is to_

    A. briefly introduce a national short story competition

    B. recommend some candidates for the short story prize

    C. introduce different kinds of awards for different art works

    D. provide information on the award winners and their writings

                                          D

    The geologic(地质的)time scale is the time scale used by scientists to describe the time

and relationship between events that happened during the history of Earth. Because earth is over

4,570 million years old, the time scale that humans use to mark their own time-days, years, and

centuries-is in too small of increments to be of use when measuring Earth time.

    The geologic time scale is broken down into units according to particular events that

occurred in various periods. Generally, the periods of time on the geologic time scale are

described by major geological events, such as the disappearance of the dinosaurs or the rise of

man.

    The time scale is also divided into three main time components: eons, eras, and periods. An

eon is the largest unit of time. Eons are then divided in eras, which in turn are divided into

different periods which are generally classified as upper, middle, and lower. The terms late and

early may also be used for the terms upper or lower. For instance, suppose an archaeologist(考

古学家)and a geologist found a dinosaur fossil(化石)in a particular kind of rock. The

archaeologist would research the make-up of the dinosaur bone in the lab and then use the

geologic time scale to classify the eon, era, and period from which the bone evolved. He might

say to the geologist, "This dinosaur bone is a fossil from the Early Jurassic Period of the

Mesozoic Era, which falls under the Phanerozoic Eon." The geologist might find that the rock

was "Upper Jurassic Sandstone" of the same period, era, and eon as the bone.

    The geologic time scale was first thought up in the late 17th century by Danish geologist

Nicholas Steno, who concluded that rock layers found on Earth were laid down over certain

periods of time, and by studying the formation and composition of rock, a time scale could be

created of Earth. Steno also pointed out that any given layer of rock is probably older than the

one above it and younger than the one below it.

    Many scientists after Steno provided valuable research and input into the creation of the

geologic time scale. British geologists controlled the process, and their influence can be

evidenced in the naming of some of the periods. Cambrian and Siluria were British tribes, while

the term Devonian originates in the English country Devonshire.

    In conclusion, scientists from all over the world created the geologic time scale based upon

the relationship between the different rock layers and fossils. This time scale has allowed

scientists to make precise theory about the history of our Earth.

68. The word increments underlined in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to_.

    A. increase B. tools C.advance D. intervals

69. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true about Nicholas Steno?

    A. He was the first to form an idea of the geologic time scale.

    B. He was an important British geologist living during the Cambrian Period.

    C. He fully controlled the process of the further research of the geologic time scale.

    D. He found a dinosaur bone in a kind of rock and then made a research in the lab.

70. From the passage, we can draw the following conclusions EXCEPT

    A. the geologic time scale allows scientists to place historic events within relevant time

        frames

    B. British geologists had a great influence, so many time periods are named after British

        tribes and counties

    C. Nicholas Steno's key understanding was that layers of rock form over long periods and

      that each layer is probably older than the one below it

    D. according to Nicholas Steno's conclusion, other scientists well developed the geologic

      time scale, which is beneficial for our accurate imagination of the earth's history

                   

第二卷(共35分)

第四部分:任务型阅读(共Io小题:每小题I分,满分Io分)

  请认真阅读下列短文,井根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单

词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填I个单词。

      Weibo, or micro-blogs, the Chinese version of Twitter, has become a way of life in China,

especially for the young.

Our train bumped into something. Our carriage has fallen onto its side. Children are

screaming. Come to help us please! Come fast!

      This is the first message sent from a high-speed train that crashed on July 23rd, 2011 in

China's Zhejiang province.

      Not only was it a cry for help, which saved tens of lives, but it also contributed to a wave

of unprecedented(史无前例的)"citizen journalism" on China's micro-blogs. Within ten hours,

the message was reposted over one-hundred-thousand times, which was something the girl, Xiao

Yang, who wrote it had never imagined. She said, "I just wanted to survive at that moment, so I

posted a message on Weibo. I didn't know it would help us to be rescued so quickly."

      After the crash, China's twenty million strong micro-bloggers demonstrated tremendous

(巨大的)and unfamiliar power. They joined rescue efforts, helped survivors and monitored the

officials investigating the accident.

      As with traditional media, Weibo functions as a mirror on society, sparking debates and

enlightening discussions. But what's different about the micro-blogging site is that anyone

not just journalistscan take a photo, record a video clip or write a quick note about what is

happening around them.

    I can fully accept this new Weibo lifestyle. Almost everyone has Weibo now. I

read news on Weibo and it helps me with my life. I also write or repost news sometimes.

      Clearly, Weibo enables millions of Chinese to become "citizen journalists", opening them

up to fresh news and views on their community, country and world.

      This has led to many micro-bloggers keeping a closer eye on the authorities. In response,

the government is also using Weibo as a tool to respond to citizens' queries(质询).And in

Beijing, micro-bloggers have already left thousands of messages, urging the government to solve

problems they consider urgent.

      Wang Hui, general director of Beijing Information Office, said, "Weibo has created a

platform for government officials to better understand what the citizens are thinking about and

what they really need. This bottom-to-top information transmission channel is innovative and

will become a new trend for government officials to provide better services for the people."

      But, however compelling(引人注目的)Weibo may be, much information it provides

turns out to be rumors. Weibo, as a platform, not only helps the Chinese people express their

views, but also trains the government in facing public opinion.

Meanwhile, for Man Yang, a simple message saved her life. And for millions of others,

Weibo means much more than just a simple touch on a smart phone.

 

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  • 评论人:匿名|评论时间:2012/4/8 8:56:35
    very good!
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